The Pentagonal Orthobirotunda


The pentagonal orthobirotunda is the 34th Johnson solid (J34). It has 30 vertices, 60 edges, and 32 faces (20 equilateral triangles and 12 pentagons).

The pentagonal
orthobirotunda

The pentagonal orthobirotunda can be constructed by attaching two pentagonal rotundae to each other at their decagonal faces, such that their respective pentagons share edges with each other, and their triangles share edges with each other. The ortho- in the name refers to how the orientation of the top and bottom pentagons are aligned with each other. Joining the rotundae in gyro orientation produces the uniform icosidodecahedron instead. Thus, the icosi­dodecahedron may be thought of as a pentagonal gyro­bi­rotunda.

The pentagonal orthobirotunda can be elongated by inserting a decagonal prism between its two halves, producing an elongated pentagonal orthobirotunda (J42).

The
elongated pentagonal orthobirotunda

Projections

Here are some views of the pentagonal orthobirotunda from various angles:

Projection Description

Top view.

Front view.

Side view.

Coordinates

The Cartesian coordinates of the pentagonal orthobirotunda with edge length 2 are:

where φ = (1+√5)/2 is the Golden Ratio, approximately 1.61803.


Last updated 17 May 2018.

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