The Triangular Prism
The triangular prism is a simple 3D uniform polyhedron bounded by 2 triangular faces and 3 squares. It has 9 edges and 6 vertices. It may be considered to be the extrusion of the triangle.
In order to be able to identify the triangular prism in various projections of 4D objects, it is useful to know how it appears from various viewpoints. The following are some of the commonly-encountered views:
Parallel projection centered on a triangular face.
Parallel projection centered on a vertical edge.
Parallel projection parallel to a square face. The left edge of the projection is the image of a square face.
Vertex-centered parallel projection.
The Cartesian coordinates of the triangular prism, centered on the origin and having edge length 2, are:
- (−1, −1/√3, ±1)
- (1, −1/√3, ±1)
- (0, 2/√3, ±1)
The triangular prism is a very versatile polyhedron that occurs in many 4D uniform polytopes, including:
- The cantellated 5-cell;
- The runcinated 5-cell;
- The cantitruncated 5-cell;
- The runcitruncated 5-cell;
- The cantellated tesseract;
- The runcinated tesseract;
- The cantitruncated tesseract;
- The runcitruncated tesseract;
- The cantellated 24-cell;
- The runcinated 24-cell;
- The cantitruncated 24-cell;
- The runcitruncated 24-cell;
- The cantellated 120-cell;
- The runcinated 120-cell;
- The cantitruncated 120-cell;
- The runcitruncated 120-cell;
- The 3,n-duoprisms, such as the 3,3-duoprism and the 3,4-duoprism.
It also occurs in many CRF polychora, including (but not limited to):